Wildlife Poaching in Africa
Aline, Blanca, Romain & Anael
Hunting of animals probably began millions of years ago during the Stone Age when the first humans began to roam the world. Cavemen had a reason to start hunting - animals provided meat, bones and fur that were necessary for their survival. In addition, they were not aware that long afterwards people would start hunting for the wrong reasons, slowly killing off beautiful animals. Hunting continued throughout the ages. Tribal natives killed animals mostly for food and used animal fur for clothing. They also used other animal parts to produce medicines and various items. Poaching of animals for their fur, tusks and other parts was most likely begun by a group of Europeans who, while exploring Africa and liking what they saw, went back to Europe with what they had gathered from their hunts and promoted fur clothing and other animal products extensively.
The stake holders are the people that live in the particular area where animals are poached. Sometimes, animals are killed because they are entering and eating farmers’ livestock, or because they are endangering the lives of people in villages.
Rhinoceros are often attacked by hunters.
Tigers are poached for their bones, blood, and most commonly for their skin and fur. The bones and blood are used for old remedies. Tigers are unnecessarily being killed for their medicinal properties seeing that medicines such as Tylenol and Aspirin have the same effect on human beings. These alternatives should be used rather than killing innocent animals that are loved and endangered.
And just like the rhinoceros, elephants are poached by hunters for their ivory.
I personally think poaching is horrible, and you?
Wildlife poaching in Africa:
Poaching of the rhinoceros has increased dramatically over the last few years following a rise in demand for their horns that are used in traditional Asian medicines.
Over 4 years, 600 rhinoceros were poached throughout Africa. In South Africa, the situation is particularly critical: the country which shelters on its territory around 80% of the rhinoceros (both white and black) population in Africa, witnessed losses of at least 20 individuals a month over recent years. The Democratic Republic of the Congo, at present in the grip of political dissensions, could become a paradise for the poachers in search of tusks and of rhinoceros, while in western Africa, illegal poaching of elephants threatens the survival of the rhinoceros, the biggest mammal in the world.
In spite of the enormous efforts made to fight poaching, illegal massacres of elephants and rhinoceros in the countries which are principally concerned escape any sort of control. Unconfirmed estimations carried out by animal defense organizations indicate that 20,000 elephants are still killed by poachers every year. For example, the elephants of Chad which, until the recent past, still existed in thousands are now endangered. The elephants that existed in vast areas of African territory hardly two decades ago can now only be found in some wildlife reserves dotted around Africa.
By Aline ♥
Wildlife poaching in Africa
Hunting becomes inappropriate poaching when guns or some other device is used to kill and exploit protected or endangered species.
Poaching has increased in many African countries because of the high value of products obtained or derived from certain species. In largely impoverished nations like many of those in Africa, it is a source of considerable income given that one shot can exceed salaries earned over several years. This has seen an increase in organized poaching with military weapons. In recent years, poaching in South Africa has been increasing. In 2009, 122 rhinos were killed while 333 rhinos were killed in 2010 including10 Black rhinos that are in danger of extinction.
The population of African and Asian elephants has been decimated since the 1970s. In the 1970s there were millions of elephants while only 30 years later only a few thousands could be found. This increase in poaching is due to the fact that the price per kilo of ivory has tripled in two years due to the rise in demand especially in China and Japan coupled with its rarity. The price per kilo is around eight hundred Euros.
The penalty for killing rhinos is now five years of prison plus an enormous fine of up to 87,000 Euros to compensate for the lost rhinos.
Wildlife poaching in Africa
Wildlife poaching is illegal in Africa. Hunters kill many animals for their ivory and skin. Hunters sell animal parts illegally in the black market, where large sums are paid. Due to poaching, many animal species have become endangered. For example, the ‘Quagga’, a species of Zebra, became extinct in 1878. There are governmental and non-governmental organizations that are fighting against poaching and the illegal trafficking of animal parts to try ensure the survival of endangered species. Both Gabon and Cameroon have decided to seriously fight poaching.
Customs intercept 24 tons of ivory every year. Approximately 23,000 elephants are killed each year. The rhinoceros is poached for its horns; over the last 3 years 800 rhinoceros were killed.
A possible solution to the problem of wildlife poaching in Africa is to create reserves with boundaries that can be carefully guarded for endangered species. A better enforcement of laws against poaching would also reduce the illegal hunting of wild animals. For example there is a protected reserve called Moremi Game Reserve. This reserve covers an area of 4,871 square kilometers and is located in the eastern section of the Okavango Delta in Africa. It is known to be one of the most beautiful wildlife reserves in Africa because it has forests, floodplains and lagoons. In addition, there is a great variety of animals that live in this reserve including buffalos, giraffes, lions, leopards, cheetahs, wild dogs, hyenas, jackals and the full range of both small and large antelopes such as the Red Lechwe. In this reserve, animals roam free while being protected.