TSTL vidéo pour notre 3ème notion

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Compréhension orale pour le 08 février 2020. Vous pouvez appuyer sur le lien ci-dessous pour écouter ou télécharger le fichier audio:

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> ETLV "Culture de levures"

Voici la présentation de la petite expérience que nous allons effectuer au labo la semaine prochaine

** Protocol**

For this experiment we will need the following :

1) a petri dish containing agar solution.

2) A sample of yeast in a glass bottle

3) An inoculating loop

4) A Bunsen burner

5) matches

Time required: less than 5 minutes to streak; 2-3 days for the colonies to grow

Procedure

We must start by turning on the gas & using a match to light the Bunsen burner.

Then we open the top of the glass bottle containing the sample of yeast with our little finger or pinky finger. At this stage we must sterilize the top of the bottle by passing it over the flame of the Bunsen burner.

Now we take the oculating loop and sterilize it by holding the tip over the Bunsen burner for a couple of seconds before letting it cool down. If we forget to let it cool we will kill the yeast.

Now we use the loop to take a sample of yeast from the bottle before sterilizing the top of the bottle again & putting the lid back on it.

At this stage we have to take the lid off our petri dish containing the agar solution.

To transfer the cells to the media plate,we must begin the streak at one edge of the plate. We must press the side of the loop containing the cells to the agar plate’s surface and quickly streak back and forth across part of the plate’s surface. The streaks should lie near one another, but should not cross over previous streaks.

When we have finished streaking out the first side of the plate, we must turn the plate around a quarter of a turn before streaking out the second side of the plate.

At this stage we must re-sterilize the inoculating loop by running it through the flame of the Bunsen burner & letting it cool down to avoid killing the yeast.

We start to streak out the second side of the plate. These streaks should start by crossing over the last streak we made, then proceeding as before into new areas of the agar plate.

After this we must turn the plate around a quarter of a turn again before streaking out the last side.

We must sterilize our inoculating loop again & let it cool down.

To streak out the last side, we have to do spread the yeast on the last side of the agar plate by making the same back & forth movements with the inoculating loop. The cells will be distributed on the plate in decreasing concentration through the streaks, and no matter how many cells were on the inoculating loop to begin with, there should be an area on the streaked plate that will produce isolated colonies.

Cover the plate, invert it and incubate at 37˚C for 2-3 days. The plate should appear to have solid streaks of cells as well as isolated colonies.

Check the plate after 2 to 3 days’ growth.

Vocabulaire anglais immigration

Anglais => Français

an emigrant => un émigrant

an immigrate => un immigré

immigration => l’immigration

a foreigner => un étranger

native speaker => un locuteur natif

border control => contrôle des frontières

a passport holder => un détenteur d’un passeport

a work permit => un permis de travail

an exit visa => un visa de sortie

false documents => des faux documents

detainee => détenu

naturalization => naturalisation

border => frontière

asylum => asile

persecution => persécution

green card => carte verte

legal immigrant => immigrant légal

illegal immigrant => immigrant illégal

refugee => réfugié

quota system => système de quota

asylum => asile

melting pot => le melting pot

visa => un visa

authorities => les autorités

approval => approbation

deportation => l’expulsion

political asylum => asile politique

refugee camp => camp de réfugiés

citizenship => la citoyenneté

citizen => citoyen

fellow citizen => concitoyen

inequality => l’inégalité

illegal immigrant => immigrant illégal

country of adoption => pays d’adoption

host country => pays d’accueil

work permit => permis de travail

immigration rate => taux d’immigration

tradition => tradition

separation => séparation

pull factors => facteurs d’attraction

segregation => ségrégation

literacy tests => tests d’alphabétisation

majority => majorité

immigration quotas => quotas d’immigration

minority => minorité

fingerprints => empreintes digitales

cultural identity => identité culturelle

bilingual => bilingue

language barriers => barrières linguistiques

passport => passeport

multiculturalism => multiculturalisme

American dream => le rêve américain

illegal alien => étranger en situation irrégulière

famine => la famine

ghetto => ghetto

the immigration policy => la politique d’immigration

family reunification => regroupement familial

integration => l’intégration

society => la société

destiny, fate => le destin

ethnic group => groupe ethnique

racism => le racisme

a multi racial society => une société multi raciale

discriminatory => discriminatoire

a majority => une majorité

a minority => une minorité

tolerant / intolerant => tolérant / intolérant

wealth => richesse

poor => pauvre

poverty => la pauvreté

a dissident => un dissident

disillusioned => désillusionné

the slums => les quartiers pauvres

a shanty town => un bidonville

precarious => précaire

penniless => sans argent

homeless => sans-abris

a haven => un paradis

an epidemic => une épidémie

Verbes utiles

to emigrate => émigrer

to assimilate => assimiler

to integrate => intégrer

to adapt => s’adapter

to patrol => patrouiller

to curtail / to curb immigration => mettre un frein à l’immigration

to restrict => restreindre

to limit => limiter

to keep out => empêcher d’entrer

to oppress => opprimer

to support => soutenir

to send back => renvoyer

to reduce => réduire

to decrease => diminuer

to increase => augmenter

to grant permission to stay => accorder la permission de rester

to naturalize => naturaliser

to enter => entrer

to starve => mourir de faim

to integrate => s’intégrer

to travel => voyager

to settle => s’installer

to adapt => s’adapter

to adjust to => s’adapter à

to mix with, to blend with => se mélanger avec

to start affresh => recommencer

to originate from =>

to smuggle in => faire entrer clandestinement

to be persecuted => être persécuté

to risk one’s life => risquer sa vie

to swarm into => entrer en masse

to come in waves => arriver par vague

to head for a country => se diriger vers un pays

to leave one’s native country => quitter son pays natal

to seek shelter => chercher un abri

to be forced to move => être obligé de partir

to flee a country => fuir un pays

to be uprooted => être déraciné

to die of hunger => mourir de faim

to be exploited => être exploité

to work on the side => travailler au noir

to struggle => lutter

to be lured by a better life => être attiré par une vie meilleure

to go through the custom => passer la douane

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Vidéos (avec script) pour s'entraîner pour la CO du Bac

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Je vous invite à lire et apprendre le vocabulaire ci-dessous pour le lundi 12 octobre 2020:

VOCABULARY GUNS AND VIOLENCE

A firearm……..=}Une arme à feu

A gun, a revolver, a pistol……..=}Un pistolet

A weapon……..=}Une arme

A rifle……..=}Un fusil

A rifle shot……..=}Un coup de feu / de fusil

To shoot……..=}Tirer

A shooting……..=}Une fusillade

A bullet, a stray bullet……..=}Une balle, une balle perdue

The gunstock……..=}La crosse (du fusil)

To pull the trigger……..=}Appuyer sur la gachette

To kill, to murder……..=}Tuer

To commit a crime……..=}Commettre un crime

Gun ownership……..=}La possession d’armes

Gun license……..=}Permit de port d’armes

Gun ownership……..=}Le fait de porter une arme

Allowed / forbidden……..=}Autorisé / interdit

The law……..=}La loi

The rights……..=}Les droits

To highlight……..=}Souligner, mettre en évidence

To carry out investigations……..=}Mener des enquêtes

A police officer……..=}Un officier de police

To defend / To protect (oneself)……..=}Se efender, se protéger

An amendment……..=}Un amendement

Security , safety……..=}La sécurité

Safe……..=}Sauf

Safe and sound……..=}Sain et sauf

Dead / alive……..=}Mort / vivant

Unharmed ≠ Injured Indemne ≠ Blessé

An assault, to assault……..=}Une attaque, attaquer, agresser

The risks……..=}Les risques

The chances (to)……..=}Les possibilités (que qch arrive)

A lawyer……..=}Un avocat

A criminal record……..=}Un casier judiciaire

To conceal……..=}Cacher qch

Unconcealed……..=}Découvert (non cache)

To reveal , to disclose……..=}Révéler, laisser apparaître

To keep and bear arms……..=}Garder et porter des armes

A campaign for / against……..=}Une campagne pour / contre

Effective……..=}Efficace

To denounce……..=}Dénoncer

To shock……..=}Choquer

To infringe , to break the law……..=}Enfreindre la loi

Relevant Coherent,……..=}logique

A criminal record……..=}Un casier judiciaire

A motto……..=}Une devise

To be kept in custody……..=}Etre placé en garde à vue

A threat……..=}Une menace

A thug……..=}Un voyou

To ban, to prohibit……..=}Interdire

To allow……..=}Autoriser (légalement)

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Fichier audi gun culture

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Fichier audio Gun language

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Fichier audio gun lobbies

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