TSL oral comprenhension files

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Oral comprehension file to be done for 20 March 2018

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The Civil Rights Movement

On July 2, 1964 the simple stroke of a pen proved more powerful than the fight for civil rights : a peace agreement was signed that ended all the fighting. It was a historical agreement that introduced legislation which protected the basic rights of minorities. The agreement
was signed by the American president, Lindon B. Johnson & was called the *Civil Rights Act of 1964. It prohibited racial discrimination in employment & education. It also
outlawed racial discrimination in all public places & in most private businesses.
According to Lindon B. Johnson, the purpose/the goal of the agreement was not to divide but to end divisions which had lasted for much too long.
Before the agreement (or the signing of the *act), the Civil Rights Movement had been gaining in strength. There were a few important events :
1) the 1954 Brown V. Board of Education trial/verdict.
2)The arrest of Rosa Parks
3) The sit-ins at segregated lunch counters across the South
4) The Montgomery bus boycott.
These represented important victories & after each event there was violence.
John F Kennedy introduced the Civil Rights bill in June 1963 & at the time racial tensions were at the breaking point.
President Kennedy made an important speech in favour of African-Americans & this had an important impact on the struggle for change. However, when he was assassinated his successor, LB Johnson had to continue with the Bill. Southern politicians tried to kill the bill but failed.
So the bill was passed & became law on July 2, 1964.