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Before doing my research on this job I thought this job would allow me to travel around the world and that it would be was filled with adventure as we see on television and it would be was also full of excitement, that it would be looking for was legends and we showing that they are true, as if proved the existence of the Holy Graal, but for me this job would be one of my dreams come true. Maybe I am too child-minded infantile a mind, this research on the archeology profession showed me it was really not all science fiction and I'll now explain.
Source: Culture et Découvertes sur Internet
First to become an archaeologist, you must first obtain a master of research and a doctorate in archeology (bac + 8 at the university).
There are masters such as archeology and archeo-science in Nantes and Rennes (1 year study), the archeology of historical periods (1 year of study) or Egyptology (4 years of study) in Paris, history and archeology of medieval Christian and Islamic worlds in Lyon (2 years of study), the science of antiquity and archeology in Bordeaux (3 years of study) and many other possibilities.
Early in his career, an archaeologist earns about 1,400 € net per month.
Source: collectif sans fin
But the basics of the job starts before going on a site, you must first see if the site is well worth an archaeological point of view and that is why we need to scout locations and see using a probe specific equipment or if there really evidence to find something buried under the earth. You do not choose a random location to dig, there's a whole process before going on the ground. We must also develop before an intervention technique. He reads about the type of field (how is the earth, it must provide equipment, …) and consult the information sources in order to imagine what he will find the objects used in the past.
Once arriving at the site, it is he who leads the excavation. The excavation can destroy some objects. It should be on what is removed from the earth because you have to be able eventually to return the object found in its context of use. For this it will be a team of specialists as I said before. All these experts will seek to know the object found or human that is to say that will try to get its natural environment, to see how he lived, what he ate for a man or what it was made for for an object.
When doing a search, the most important rule is the stratigraphy is the study of the successive layers of earth. This rule has two subparts.
The first is that if the object we found it all a single layer of soil which surround you then it is that all objects date from the same period. We can compile and test to see if there is any relationship between these objects.The second part is that most soil layers are buried deep on the subject, then we can say that the object corresponds to an earlier era.
In short, it will organize all the site that is to say, he manages the budget, decides on the material necessary for the adventure and takes care of the remaining operations. The archeologist will collect information on the site (it selects and sorts the items found) verifies the assumptions made and see if the results are possible.
Once a site is finished, the archaeologists will study their findings in the laboratory, there are also document what they find. After completing all works, the archaeologist shall prepare a report (a summary) with drawings and pictures. Several specialists can help on this research such as botanists, anthropologists, geologists, surveyors, and specialists in dating.
Not everyone can do some digging because you have to get an official permit which is given only to professionals.
Archaeology is a specialty, we can look at sites like the First World War, or even more recent deposits, but an archaeologist will not go on a site where you would find dinosaur bones for this will be a paleontologist. The archaeologist will be more specialized on daily life, social organization and religion of the past. Often we confuse archeology and excavation. But the archeology profession has many aspects such as the study of ancient buildings and objects, and especially understanding what he discovered.
It is difficult to become an archaeologist, there are very few positions.
In 2007, archeology offered six curatorial positions and Heritage in 2006, eight stations attached conservatory territorial heritage.
Then we can find work as lead to IRNAP (National Institute for Preventive Archaeological Research as technicians searched.) This company operates to prevent the destruction of relics (antiques). Others work for the CNRS, the University, the Ministry of Culture. A person with a doctorate can go towards research or teaching.
I will present an archaeologist and his greatest discovery
Howard Carter was born May 9, 1874 in London and died March 2, 1939, was an archaeologist and Egyptologist. Mr Howard specialized in ancient Egypt and it was keenly interested in the excavations.
He met Lord Carnarvon and they decided to work together. In 1915, he bought land in the Valley of the Kings. After that, the team had unearthed the jars and seals in the name of Tutankhamun. Howard Carter decided to find his grave, which must necessarily be in the Valley of the Kings after him. In 1921 Lord Carnarvon, who financed the excavations of Howard Carter decided to halt the excavations which were too expensive, and there were no results. Howard Carter insisted and got an additional year.
In 1922 Howard Carter decided to search an area previously ignored. There is the tomb of Ramses IV.
And November 4, 1922 Howard Carter's team began clearing the steps of a new tomb, that of Tutankhamun. In the evening, Carter stood before a door where you can see the seals of Anubis announcing that he is in front of the tomb of a great personage. The opening of this door is made on November 25, giving access to a corridor of 7.60 meters long carved into the rock and filled with rubble. Howard Carter found several traces of passage, which led him to believe that the tomb had been looted.
The real opening of the tomb took place on 29 November. Carter and his team were shocked because the room was revealed to them, overflowing with objects. There have been preserved funerary bouquets of flowers, a golden throne, the great animal-shaped beds, tanks removed, vases. This first room is about eight meters long and 3.60 meters wide with walls covered with white plaster.
A fabulous archaeological discovery, that of a tomb remained unknown for all these years.
I find this profession extraordinary, and it is very important to know how our ancestors lived so that we can progress in history but I do not know if I would do business there later because you really have a level of study very high and even with this level it is not able to finish as there are not many jobs available and I can not see myself becoming a teacher. It is true that I would discover a great old king as Howard Carter did a lot of people would have wanted to be him but I think he has also been very lucky. Still, to be Able to move forward the history and to have everyone remember you for years after your death is not only wonderful to be able to cut your name in history as a person who has advanced history. I think this business will remain, the job of my dreams.